Impacts on Health

Impacts on Health

HIV can damage more than just the immune system. The virus has been shown to harm several tissues within the body and lead to long-term health concerns. Combined antiretroviral therapy may prevent some of this damage, but it comes with risks as well. Click parts of the diagram below to learn about how HIV and cART may impact the body.

Tissue

Select organs from the body outline to see how they are affected by HIV and combination antiretroviral therapies.

Tissue
Kidney Brain Kidney Eye Lymph nodes Lungs Lungs Heart Spleen Stomach Intestines Blood vessels Bones Nerves Skin

Kidney

HIV related risks:

Acute kidney injury (AKI), HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN), comorbid chronic kidney disease (CKD), and treatment-related kidney toxicity

cART related risks:

Ocal segmental glomerulosclerosis, arterionephrosclerosis, and diabetic nephropathy

Brain

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Kidney

HIV related risks:

Acute kidney injury (AKI), HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN), comorbid chronic kidney disease (CKD), and treatment-related kidney toxicity

cART related risks:

Ocal segmental glomerulosclerosis, arterionephrosclerosis, and diabetic nephropathy

Eye

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Lymph nodes

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Lungs

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Lungs

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Heart

Spleen

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Stomach

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Intestines

Blood vessels

Bones

Nerves

Skin

Sources

The following resources were used in creating this page. Click the links for more information.

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/246031-overview